Gaharu Online    Online resources for everything Gaharu

Home  

What in Gaharu Name 

Gaharu Species 

Gaharu Products 

Gaharu Price 

Gaharu News 

Gaharu News 
* Gaharu News 2010 
* Gaharu News 2009 
Gaharu Research 

Gaharu Photo Gallery 


   Gaharu Etymology

Gaharu or Agarwood is known under many names in different cultures:

* It is known as Chén-xiang in Chinese and Jin-koh in Japanese, both meaning "sinking incense" and alluding to its high density.
* Both agarwood and its resin distillate/extracts are known as Oudin Arabic (literally wood) and used to describe agarwood in nations and areas of Islamic faith. Western perfumers may also use agarwood essential oil under the name "oud" or "oude".
* In Europe it was referred to as Lignum aquila (eagle-wood) or Agilawood, because of the similarity in sound of agila to gaharu
* Another name is Lignum aloes or Aloeswood. This is potentially confusing, since a genus Aloe exists (unrelated), which has medicinal uses, .However, the Aloes of the Old Testament (Num. 24:6; Ps. 45:8; Prov. 7:17; and Cant. 4:14) and of the Hebrew Bible (ahalim in Hebrew) are believed to be agarwood from Aquilaria malaccensis.
* In Tibetan it is known as a-ga-ru. There are several varieties used in Tibetan Medicine: unique eaglewood: ar-ba-zhig; yellow eaglewood: a-ga-ru ser-po, white eaglewood: ar-skya, and black eaglewood: ar-nag.
* In Assamese it is called as "ogoru".
* The Indonesian and Malay name is "gaharu" or "pokok karas".
* In New Guinea it is called "ghara".
* In Vietnamese, it is known as "tram huang".
* In Hindi (India), it is known as "agar", which is originally Sanskrit based.
* In Thai language it is known as "Mai Kritsana".
* In Laos it is known as "Mai Ketsana".



Spesis Aquilaria dari Malaysia

NAMA SAINTIFIK  NEGERI / KAWASAN TABURAN SEMULAJADI  CIRI-CIRI
1. Aquilaria Hirta  Sepanjang Pantai timur, Terengganu, Pahang dan Johor  Pokok Kecil dalam lingkungan 15m tinggi, permukaan bawah daun berbulu, daun berbentuk ovate oblong.
2. Aquilaria Beccariana  Kebanyakkan tumbuh di bahagian selatan (Johor)  Pokok sederhana dalam lingkungan 20m, urat kedua daun lebih jelas, daun berwarna kelabu tidak berkilat.
3. Aquilaria Rostrata  Pahang (G. Tahan), habitat gunung.  Urat kedua daun tidak jelas.
4. Aquilaria Malaccencis  Terdapat di seluruh Semenanjung Malaysia, Sabah & Sarawak kecuali kedah dan perils.  Permukaan daun berkilat, runcing dan bujur
5. Aquilaria Microcarpa  Johor dan kawasan bakau  Pokok besar dalam lingkungan 36m, buah kecil berbentuk hati.



www.gaharuonline.com